Last updated on January 3rd, 2024 at 06:00 am
Surah Kahf is the 18th Surah of the Holy Quran and was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) in the third stage of Prophethood in Makkah. In this Surah, Allah shares with us the important message that people achieve salvation by following His commandments and believing in Him without a doubt.
Most Surahs of the Quran focus on persons or nations that rejected the Quran’s instruction. Surah Kahf differs from the other Surahs in that it focuses on individuals who obey the Quran and prevent themselves from negative consequences.
If we look at the first ayahs of Surah Kahf, we will find a story about cave people. To receive divine guidance, those individuals must separate themselves from all non-believers. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى) used their lives as a sign for future generations. Furthermore, the story itself is evidence that resurrection is real.
On the other hand, you must have heard that reciting Surah Kahf on Friday or during Friday prayers has immense benefits. It allows us to seek guidance from Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى), his forgiveness, and can protect us from various fitnah. Most importantly, Surah Kahf is the ultimate weapon for fighting the fitnah of Dajjal.
So, in today’s article, we’ll highlight the benefits of reciting this Surah and how it can help fight evil forces and draw us closer to Allah.
Surah Kahf (Details)
Here you can see the Surah Kahf full image.
|No of Ayahs
|No of Words
|No of Letters
|No of Rukus
|Type of Surah
|Situated in Para
|Tarteeb e Nuzool
|Tarteeb e Tilawat
|15 & 16
The Four Lessons in Surah Kahf
Surah Al-Kahf contains four important stories, each with a unique lesson for humanity. The first story about cave people teaches us to stick with our faith regardless of the situation. The story of two beautiful gardens teaches us to be grateful of what we have. Similarly, the story of Prophet Musa AS and Al-Khidr gives us another valuable lesson that human comprehension is limited and we must believe in Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى)’s plan. Lastly, the story of a great ruler Dhul-Qarnayn is a testament of justice and a guide for becoming a strong and righteous leader. Click here to download full Surah Kahf pdf.
In other words, Surah Kahf is actually a comprehensive guide for all of us which helps us with moral, spiritual and practical teachings. Now, let’s have a more detailed overview of these four stories and their lessons:
· The Lesson of Unwavering Faith – Allah Is the Epicenter of Faith
The story of the people of the Cave, Ashaab al-Kahf, details the help and miracle of Allah for those who remain steadfast in difficult times. The Quran tells the story of a few young men (the number is best known to Allah) who were forced to seek refuge in a cave from a tyrannical ruler who was persecuting them for believing in Allah. Here is verse 10 of Surah Kahf, which is about the cave people who asked for help from Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى).
إِذْ أَوَى ٱلْفِتْيَةُ إِلَى ٱلْكَهْفِ فَقَالُوا۟ رَبَّنَآ ءَاتِنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةًۭ وَهَيِّئْ لَنَا مِنْ أَمْرِنَا رَشَدًۭا ١٠
˹Remember˺ when those youths took refuge in the cave, and said, “Our Lord! Grant us mercy from Yourself and guide us rightly through our ordeal.” (18:10)
The Ashaab went to sleep and woke up 300 years later when the ruler was a believer. Thus, Allah showed how he protects those who have unwavering faith in Him. It gives us an example to remain steadfast in our faith despite hardships. Here you can get the authentic translation of Surah Kahf in English.
· The Lesson of Wealth – All Wealth Belongs to Allah
The second story is about a man with two beautiful and bountiful gardens. Allah blessed the man with wealth, good health, and good progeny; however, the man became arrogant about these worldly possessions. He arrogantly told his companion that I am greater and superior than you in wealth and manpower.
وَكَانَ لَهُۥ ثَمَرٌۭ فَقَالَ لِصَـٰحِبِهِۦ وَهُوَ يُحَاوِرُهُۥٓ أَنَا۠ أَكْثَرُ مِنكَ مَالًۭا وَأَعَزُّ نَفَرًۭا ٣٤
And he had other resources1 ˹as well˺. So he boasted to a ˹poor˺ companion of his, while conversing with him, “I am greater than you in wealth and superior in manpower.” (18:34)
He forgot to thank Allah for his mercy and became boastful of his material wealth. He was so proud that he even said that his garden couldn’t be destroyed, which means that he relied on the precautions he took to protect his garden. He thought that the efforts he made to protect his garden are enough to withstand any storm and dangers. See verse 35 of the Surah Kahf for the reference:
وَدَخَلَ جَنَّتَهُۥ وَهُوَ ظَالِمٌۭ لِّنَفْسِهِۦ قَالَ مَآ أَظُنُّ أَن تَبِيدَ هَـٰذِهِۦٓ أَبَدًۭا ٣٥
And he entered his property, while wronging his soul, saying, “I do not think this will ever perish, (18:35)
As we are aware of the fact that arrogance can’t be tolerated as arrogance is only the cloak of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى). Everything comes from Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى) and will eventually return to him. The reality that everything will revert to Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى) leaves no room for arrogance. Thus, Allah destroyed his Garden to teach humanity that wealth and good health come from Allah; all worldly possessions are transient; they will not last long and only do so at the will of Allah.
وَأُحِيطَ بِثَمَرِهِۦ فَأَصْبَحَ يُقَلِّبُ كَفَّيْهِ عَلَىٰ مَآ أَنفَقَ فِيهَا وَهِىَ خَاوِيَةٌ عَلَىٰ عُرُوشِهَا وَيَقُولُ يَـٰلَيْتَنِى لَمْ أُشْرِكْ بِرَبِّىٓ أَحَدًۭا ٤٢
And so all his produce was ˹totally˺ ruined, so he started to wring his hands for all he had spent on it, while it had collapsed on its trellises. He cried, “Alas! I wish I had never associated anyone with my Lord ˹in worship˺!” (18:42)
Therefore, we must always practice humility, be thankful to Allah, and continue to seek His forgiveness and mercy in good and bad times. For authentic Surah Kahf transliteration, click on this link.
· The Lesson of Wisdom – All Knowledge Belongs to Allah
The third story is that of Hazrat Musa and Al-Khidr; Allah commands Musa to go on a journey with Al-Khidr to show Hazrat Musa that Allah bestows Knowledge to whomever he sees fit; no one on earth knows everything except Allah.
This story teaches us that even the Prophets of Allah only have the knowledge that Allah has given them and that we should not be boastful of the Knowledge Allah gives us.
رَحْمَةًۭ مِّن رَّبِّكَ ۚ وَمَا فَعَلْتُهُۥ عَنْ أَمْرِى ۚ
As a mercy from your Lord. I did not do it ˹all˺ on my own (18:82)
If some of us are more knowledgeable, keen-sighted, intelligent, and brighter than others, it is not our greatness. It is Allah who blessed us with this gift. Therefore, believe Allah to be the source of all knowledge and remain humble.
· The Lesson of Power – All Power Belongs to Allah
The fourth and final tale is of Hazrat Dhul-Qarnayn, the righteous king. Allah gave immense power to King Dhul-Qarnayn and commanded him to do as he will. The Quran mentions three of the king’s journeys; in the last one, he comes across a people living between two mountains.
حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا بَلَغَ بَيْنَ ٱلسَّدَّيْنِ وَجَدَ مِن دُونِهِمَا قَوْمًۭا لَّا يَكَادُونَ يَفْقَهُونَ قَوْلًۭا ٩٣
Until he reached ˹a pass˺ between two mountains. He found in front of them a people who could hardly understand ˹his˺ language. (18:93)
The people of the valley beseeched Dhul-Qarnayn to construct a wall between them and the tribe of Ya’juj and Ma’juj (Gog and Magog), who were creating mischief. Dhul-Qarnayn built a great wall to keep the tribes out and the valley’s people safe.
Even so, he did not attribute this good gesture to himself; he said that I don’t need your reward as Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى) has already provided me with many things. He just asked for some help, like resources and manpower, required for the construction.
قَالَ مَا مَكَّنِّى فِيهِ رَبِّى خَيْرٌۭ فَأَعِينُونِى بِقُوَّةٍ أَجْعَلْ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَهُمْ رَدْمًا ٩٥
He responded, “What my Lord has provided for me is far better. But assist me with resources, and I will build a barrier between you and them. (18:95)
This teaches us that all power comes from Allah, and we should not be proud of the power he has given us. It is a lesson for the people in power not to become arrogant and use their power for good deeds.
The Greatest Virtue of Reciting Surah Kahf: Protection from Dajjal
The Holy Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) is reported to have said the following concerning reciting this blessed Surah:
مَنْ حَفِظَ عَشْرَ آيَاتٍ مِنْ أَوَّلِ سُورَةِ الْكَهْف عُصِمَ مِنْ الدَّجَّالِ
“Whoever memorizes ten verses from the beginning of Surat al-Kahf will be immune to the False Messiah (al-Masiha al-Dajjal)” – Hisn al-Muslim 199
And in other narrations, the Prophet(s) said:
مِنْ آخِرِ الْكَهْفِ
“….from the last ten verses of Surat al-Kahf…” – Sunan Abi Dawud 4323 and Ṣaḥih Muslim 809a
This is perhaps the greatest and most unique attribute of reciting this Surah. The one-eyed Dajjal will be a lying, false messiah who will lead people astray. Also known as ‘the messiah of misguidance,’ he will tempt believers by performing miracles, such as bringing down rain, resurrecting the dead, reviving the earth to yield vegetation, etc.
Dajjal’s biggest fitna will begin even before its appearance. This fitna will let people become so engrossed in this fleeting world that they will forget the purpose of their existence and the Day of Judgment. The only thing they will do in this realm of illusion is try to find relaxation. They stop being concerned about the Qayamah. They will begin to fall for the apparent glamor of this temporary world.
To fight these horrible and concerning situations, Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى) has given us an ultimate weapon. A weapon that will help us to fight with that fitna of Dajjal. So, Muslims who memorize the first ten and last ten verses of the Surah are guaranteed protection from the fitna of the False Messiah (al-Masiha al-Dajjal) and will remain oblivious to his false charms.
According to Islamic scholars, the Day of Resurrection is fast approaching, and it’s time to act on this hadith and encourage our fellow Muslims and children to do the same. When asked why the recitation of this Surah in particular promises protection from Dajjal, Imam Nawawi stated:
“The reason is that the beginning of Surat al-Kahf contains the miracles and signs of God’s greatness. So, the slander of Dajjal will not deceive the contemplating person”.
Other Benefits of Reciting Surah Al-Kahf on Friday
Other than protecting believers from the fitna of Dajjal, there are other benefits of reciting Surah Al-Kahf. There is an emphasis on reciting this Surah on Friday because of the significance of this day in Islam. Abu Dawud narrates that the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said:
The best day that the sun has risen upon is Friday. On it, Adam was created; on it, he entered Paradise; and on it, he was expelled from it. And the Hour will not be established except on Friday. – (Jami` at-Tirmidhi 488)
Here are the benefits of reciting Surah al-Kahf on this blessed day:
· Noor Between the Reciter and the Kaaba
The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said:
“Whoever reads Surat al-Kahf on the night of Jumu’ah will have a light that will stretch between him and the Ancient House (the Kaaba).” (Al-Darimi, 3407)
As we all know, the Kaaba is a highly sacred and holy place. According to the hadith, whoever reads Surah Kahf on Friday night would have a light extension between him and the Kaaba. The light symbolizes a spiritual connection and a blessing from Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى) for the reader. Surah Kahf reading on Friday is an essential ritual in Islam because it combines the benefits of Surah with the blessed day of the week, Friday. You can check out Surah Kahf with Urdu translation by clicking on the link.
· Light Emitted Between Two Fridays
Al-Hakim and Al-Bayhaqi narrate that the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) said:
“Whoever reads the letter of Al-Kahf on Friday, it will be emitted light for him between two Jum’at.”
According to this hadith, when someone recites Surah Kahf, it produces a holy light. The light represents a continual gift that will continue between two Fridays or one week. The recital of Surah Kahf is extremely important in Islam because it draws so many blessings that they even last for a week.
Ibn Hajar stated in Takhrij al-Adhkar that this is a Hasan Hadith and the most authentic report concerning the recitation of Surat al-Kahf. In another hadith, Abū Sa’id reported that the Prophet of Allah (ﷺ) said:
“If anyone recites sūra al-Kahf (Qur’ān, 18) on Friday, the light will shine brightly for him till the next Friday.” Mishkat al-Masabih 2175
· Forgiveness of Sins between two Fridays
It is narrated by Ibn Umar (RA):
“The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: ‘Whoever reads Surat al-Kahf on the day of Jumu’ah, a light will shine for him from beneath his feet to the clouds of the sky, which will shine for him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will be forgiven (his sins) between the two Fridays”‘. – al-Sunan al-Kubrá 5856
In Islam, Friday is a very important day. As a result, many events are linked with this day. The stated hadith is good news for people who recite Surah Kahf every Friday because their sins between Fridays would be forgiven. However, this is not a one-time benefit that will last a week—the benefits of reciting Surah Kahf on Friday stretch until the Day of Judgment or Resurrection.
Conclusion for Benefits of Reciting Surah Kahf on Friday
Surah Kahf is a resource for believers seeking guidance on their moral, spiritual, and intellectual journeys in life. Because the content of the Surah is highly diversified, it is a source of wisdom for everyone. The cave people teach us to obey Allah’s commands and seek refuge from Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى). On the other side, the stories of Dhul-Qarnayn, Prophet Musa AS, and Al-Khidr, as well as the narrative of two magnificent gardens, teach us to have faith in Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى)’s plans, never to be arrogant, and to be a guide to being a virtuous leader.
On the other hand, there is a superior time to recite Surah Kahf in many Hadiths. The Prophet (ﷺ) advised his followers to recite Surah Kahf on Friday, either during the day or on Friday night. According to the lunar calendar, the period of recitation is between the sunset on Thursday and the sunset on Friday.
Furthermore, there is the fitna of Dajjal to be concerned about. Surah Kahf’s last 10 verses are about Dajjal’s fitna, which is so powerful that it manipulates the universe even before it appears. Surah Kahf is the only weapon for combating fitna and remaining firm in this faith-testing environment.
Now that you know the immense benefits and virtues of reading Surah Kahf on Friday, follow this practice and guide others to do the same. May Allah keep us on the righteous path, protect us, and forgive our sins, Ameen!