Last updated on December 19th, 2023 at 08:55 am
Surah Al-Baqarah, commonly known as Surah Baqarah, is one of the longest surahs of the Holy Quran; it has 286 verses. It was revealed to the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) in Medina over a long period of time, and the last two verses were revealed during Mi’raj or ascension of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ).
All of the verses of the Holy Quran hold significance and value for Muslims, but this particular Surah is important because it contains many essential commands for Muslims.
Its importance also lies in the fact that there are great rewards for reciting Surah Al-Baqarah, especially the last 2 ayat’s.
Let’s learn about its significance, rewards, and teachings.
Statistics – Surah Al-Baqarah
No. of Ayats
No. of Words
No. of Letters
No. of Rukus
Type of Surah
Situated in Para
Important Facts – Surah Al-Baqarah
Surah Al-Baqarah contains various important Commands for Muslims relating to different topics. Here are some important facts about this lengthiest surah of the Quran:
- Surah Al-Baqarah is a complete guide to various social and economic matters for the Muslims
- It contains the command of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى about fasting and prayers
- It contains the command about the abolition of interest (Riba)
- It contains the commands about various Islamic Laws.
- It also contains the instructions about the change of directions of Qibla from Masjid Al-Aqsa to Ka’aba
- It also gives instructions and guidance on various other subjects such as marriage and divorce, financial system and debt and so on.
- Verse number 282 of this Surah is the single largest verse in the Quran, comprising around 144 words
- Verse number 255 of Surah Al-Baqarah, popularly known as Ayat ul Kursi (The Throne Verse), is one of the most famous verses of the Quran. There are so many benefits associated with the recitation of this verse.
- Last two verses (285-286) of this Surah are believed to be of much importance. Islamic scholars believe that reciting these two verses is quite beneficial. These are, in fact, a kind of invocation (Dua)
- One of the main themes of Surah Al-Baqarah is the guidance for the pagans (Mushrikeen) of Mecca and the Christians and Jews of Medina, inviting them to the right path of Islam.
- It also warns the hypocrites (Munafeqeen).
- Surah Al-Baqarah contains the stories of various Prophets and Messengers of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى, such as Prophet Adam, Prophet Ibrahim and Prophet Musa عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ
- Verse number 281 of Surah Al-Baqarah is believed to be the last verse of the Quran in the sequence of revelation
- The verses about the abolition of interest (riba) are believed to have been revealed upon the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ during his last pilgrimage, probably on the 10th of Dhul Hajj, 10 Hijri. In contrast, the rest of the verses of this Surah were revealed in Medina.
Summary – Surah Al-Baqarah
- It starts with the Haroof-e-Muqattat, the most famous words of the Quran, Alif, Laam, Meem, meanings of which are best known to Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى.
- Then it affirms that the Quran is a divine book and is beyond any doubt and that it is the guide and guidance for those who believe.
- Verses up to 20 are about disbelievers and hypocrites.
- In verses 21 to 38, people are urged to worship only one Allah
- The next 60 verses are directly addressed to the Christians and Jews of Medina, inviting them to trust the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ being the Messenger of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى.
- The Christians and Jews did not accept the Prophet Hood of Muhammad ﷺ, so the next few verses are about this issue.
- Then, in verses 116-141, the Jews’s claim is condemned, confirming that the religion of Prophet Ibrahim عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ was Islam.
- Then, in verse 144, Qibla for Muslims was changed from Masjid Al-Aqsa to Masjid Al-Haram, the Khana-e-Ka’aba.
- Verses 154 to 163 are about the Martyrdom, with specific reference to the martyrs of Ghazwa-e-Badr, declaring the high status of martyrs.
- Halal and Haram foods are defined in the next few verses.
- Verses 178 and 179 elaborate the law of revenge and the concept of Qisaas and Diyat.
- Verses 180 to 182 deal with the law of inheritance.
- The next 5 verses are about the laws and principles of fasting, especially during the month of Ramadhan.
- Then Hajj and its related matters are explained in the next 15 verses.
- In the next verses, people are urged to enter Islam wholeheartedly.
- Then various Islamic laws are discussed in the next verses, which include Zakat, Jehad, and prohibition of wine, and the rights and care of orphans and many others.
- Next, verses 243 to 254 are about the story of different prophets.
- Next is verse 255, the Throne Verse, popularly called Ayat ul Kursi.
- Verses 256 and 257 are about very important concepts of Islam that Islam does not force anyone to accept. It is advised in these verses not to force anyone to accept Islam as a religion.
- Then, the prohibition of Usury, almsgiving, and debt in Islam are explained.
- Finally, the last two verses are believed to be the best of the invocations.
What Is the Reward for Reciting Surah Al-Baqarah?
The reward for reciting Surah Al-Baqarah is immense, especially the last 2 ayat. If we knew what the benefits were of reciting these verses, we would make it a habit to recite them every night before we go to sleep.
Abu Umama said he heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) say:
Recite the Qur’an, for, on the Day of Resurrection, it will come as an intercessor for those who recite It. Recite the two bright ones, al-Baqarah and Surah Al’ Imran, for on the Day of Resurrection, they will come as two clouds or two shades, or two flocks of birds in ranks, pleading for those who recite them. Recite Surah al-Baqarah, for to take recourse to it is a blessing and to give it up is a cause of grief, and the magicians cannot confront it. (Sahih Muslim)
So it is clear from this hadith that the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) specifically mentioned the benefits of reciting the last two ayats from Surah Baqarah. It holds a special place in regards to rewards from Allah as He has compared it to two giant clouds or flocks of birds that will carry us to heaven.
What Is Special about Surah Al-Baqarah?
Surah Al-Baqarah has a special place in the Holy Quran because the last two ayats were revealed outside the realm of the physical world. Allah called his beloved Prophet for a meeting above the seventh sky in an event known as Mi’raj or ascension, and while the Prophet was on the 6th, heaven called Sidrat-ul-Muntaha, the last two ayats were revealed to him. Sahih Muslim:173
Surah Baqarah is the only Surah in the Quran that was revealed outside the physical realm, and herein lies its specialty. Moreover. Surah Baqarah also contains the famous Ayat ul Kursi, which the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) dubbed as the greatest ayat of the Quran Sahih Muslim:810. The Prophet (ﷺ) said that whoever recites Ayat ul Kursi will have a halo of protection around them; it will be as if they have an invisible protector from all harms and ills.
What Does Surah Al-Baqarah Teach Us?
Surah Al-Baqarah is a comprehensive Surah with many lessons, let’s look at them one by one:
Belief in Allah
The first and foremost lesson it teaches us is that we should submit our will and intention to Allah 100%. We should always look to Allah whenever we are in a difficult situation and accept that only Allah can determine our destiny. It teaches Muslims to rely on Allah and seek sustenance from Allah as only He can bring us strength.
Through the story of the Prophet Musa alaihissalam, Allah tells Muslims to have a firm belief in Him. Prophet Musa alaihissalam was being attacked by Firaun (Pharaoh) and his entire army. At one point, Prophet Musa was about to be killed; he was cornered by the sea on one side and the Pharaoh’s army on the other.
However, he had a firm belief that Allah would save him, and that is when the sea parted, and Musa alaihissalam was able to escape the Pharaoh’s army with his followers. Allah told this story to signify that your belief in Allah can save you even in the most difficult situations.
How to Setup an Islamic State
The revelation of Surah Al-Baqarah began just when the Muslims of Mecca migrated to the city of Medina to set up an Islamic state, and the verses contain detailed guidelines on how to do just that. The Surah is a cornerstone of Islamic society; it contains the blueprint on which the Islamic State of Medina was founded. Within the Surah, there are lessons for Muslims on all fronts; whether social, political, or economic, the Surah covers all the principles that the Muslim ummah must follow to build a harmonious community.
The Fundamentals of Islam
Surah Al-Baqarah also teaches us about the fundamental concepts of Islam like the belief in life after death, Day of Judgment, and Fast, etc.
In the Surah, Allah tells us that we should remember that the Day of Judgment will be upon us and that we should remember that this world is only temporary. There are many temptations in this world, but we must remember that we will be held accountable for them in the hereafter.
Similarly, it talks about Ramadan, the month of fasting. It reveals how to fast during the month of Ramadan. The Surah also explains the fate that is met out to the non-believers who worship idols and those who are hypocrites and Munafiqun, which is an important concept in Islam,
Belief in All Prophets
The Surah also retells the story of important Prophets like Adam, Ibrahim, and Musa alaihissalam. Through these stories, the verses reveal that Muslims must believe in the prophecy of all prophets before the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ).
What Are the Benefits Of Reciting Surah Al-Baqarah?
There are many benefits of reciting Surah Al-Baqarah, and the most authentic (hasan) benefit of the Surah is that it protects you from Shaitan (Satan) and all evils.
The Surah helps to protect people who recite it from evildoers and those who wish harm upon us. The recitation of the Surah will protect us from black magic, witchcraft, and nazar or evil eye.
Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported, ‘The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘Satan runs away from the house in which Surah Baqarah is recited.’ Sahih Muslim:780.
Specifically, the last two verses of the Surah are of great importance. If we look at various hadiths, we can see that surah Al-Baqarah and the last two ayat have been mentioned numerous times by scholars and Islamic experts.
The last two verses explain the benefits of reciting at night before you go to sleep and how important it is for Muslims.
Abu Mas’ud Al-Badri (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Prophet (ﷺ) saying, ‘He who recites the two Ayat [verses] at the end of Surat Al Baqarah at night, they will suffice him.‘ (Al- Bukhari and Muslim)
Surah Baqarah can also be recited for 41 days as a wazifa which will help to get rid of the devil and evil eye from your house. Similarly, recite Ayat ul Kursi before going to sleep, while travelling, and before any hardship to protect yourself from harm.
More Benefits of Reciting Surah Al-Baqarah
Regular reciting of Surah Al-Baqara has many spiritual and physical benefits. Here are some of them:
- Surah Al Baqarah and the Day of Judgment – Reading the Quran in general and Surah Al-Baqarah in particular will rescue its reciters on the Day of Judgment. This concept is narrated in various Hadiths and is widely believed by Islamic scholars.
- Surah Al-Baqarah and Paradise – The regular reciter of Surah Al-Baqarah, especially the Throne Verse (Ayat ul Kursi), will have a huge chance of being granted a place in Jannah (Paradise). The meaning of a Hadith is that nothing can stop the regular reciter of Surah Al-Baqarah from entering the Jannah except death.
- It protects us from Evil – It is believed that reading Ayat ul Kursi and the last three verses of this surah will ensure protection from Evil and Satan’s endeavors. It surely protects the reciter from the hellfire.
- Protection against Black Magic – Reading the entire Surah Al-Baqarah in the morning or evening protects its reciters from the evils of black magic. It is a powerful weapon against the Demons and Black Magic’s ill effects. The entire house gets protected from the black magic when this surah is recited frequently in the morning or evening.
- Protection from Hell – The meanings of a Hadith are that the reciters of Surah Al-Baqarah and Surah Al-Imran will be protected from the hellfire, and these two surahs will come to the rescue of their regular reciters as shades or clouds on the Day of Judgment.
- Rewards are enormous – Every word of the Quran is important, and the reciter gets rewarded heavily. The same is true for this Surah. Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى will reward the reciters on the Day of Resurrection.
- Helps memorize the Quran – If a person recites the Initial 4 ayats of surah Al-Baqarah and ayat ul kursi and the next two verses after it and then the last three verses of this surah before going to bed, he will not forget the Quran.
- It is an Alternative of Tahajjud – Reading the last parts of this surah are considered equal to the Tahajjud Prayers, as narrated in a Hadith. So, the reciters of the last two verses of this Surah will remain protected from Satan for the entire night when recited before going to sleep.
- Rich source of Blessings – Huge blessings from Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى are associated with the recitation of this surah. So, it gives peace of mind and calmness, and the reciter feels relaxed.
How Much Time is Required to Recite Surah Al-Baqrah?
If one intends to read Surah Al-Baqarah in one go, he would need around one to two hours. However, after good practice, it may take one hour to read it correctly with Tajweed. If someone wants to memorize it, he would require at least two months. But in any case, the emphasis should be on reading the Quranic verses carefully and correctly.
However, some parts of this Surah are so popular and beneficial for us that most of Muslims frequently read and memorize them. It includes the Throne Verse (Ayat ul Kursi) and the last two verses, often recited as invocation. There are some other famous verses in this Surah that Muslims frequently read as a daily routine.
So, make it a habit to recite Surah Al-Baqarah with the correct pronunciation of every word. It brings visible and invisible improvements in your life on this planet and hereafter.
Reciting Surah Al-Baqarah Has Many Rewards and Benefits
The rewards and benefits of Surah Baqarah are aplenty. We should make it a habit to recite the entire Surah whenever we can, but if you find it difficult as it is quite long, then you can also recite the last two verses of the Surah, especially before you go to bed. Also, reciting the Surah as a wazifa for 41 days to rid your house of the devil and evil is a good way to protect you and your family from harm.