Last updated on December 26th, 2023 at 10:53 am

The Holy Quran contains 114 Surahs, each with unique wisdom for Muslims to modify themselves and learn the righteous way to live their lives. Allah All-Mighty speaks to us through the Quran, guiding those who seek enlightenment, warnings for those who refuse to accept His message, and good news for those who follow His commands and are on the righteous path.

Each Surah of the Holy Quran is also associated with a benefit for the reciter. For instance, some Surahs are healers, some guard against Shirk, and some protect against bad omens. Today, we will discuss Surah Mulk, which translates to ‘Sovereignty’ or ‘Kingdom’.

There are various benefits of reciting this Surah, especially before sleeping, which we will highlight in this article. Let’s get started:

Statistics – Surah Al-Mulk

No. of Ayats No. of Words No. of Letters No. of Rukus Type of Surah Situated in Para Tarteeb-e-Nazool Tarteeb-e-Tilawat
30 337 1316 2 Makki 29 77 67

Surah Al-Mulk – Period of Revelation

Though not particularly mentioned in any authentic research work, it is widely believed that Surah Al-Mulk is one of the earliest words of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى revealed upon the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, during his early days of Prophet Hood. The style and subject of this surah are commensurate with the earlier revelations, which supports this assumption that it is one of the earliest surahs revealed by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. It was revealed in Mecca; hence is graded as a Makki Surah.

Grouping of Quranic Surahs – The Coherence and Placement

The Islamic Scholars, after a deep study of the placement of different Surahs in the Quran and their inter-relatedness with each other, have found an amazing coherence between them. The researchers have divided the entire Quran into seven groups based on each surah’s subject matter and content. Most surahs in a group are also almost in the order of revelation.

Here’s the description of the seven groups of the Surahs of the Quran, with the subject matter discussed in each:

  • Group 1 deals with Islamic Law. It starts with Surah Al-Fatiha and goes up to Surah Al-Maida.
  • Group 2 comprises the surahs from Al-Ana’am to Al-Tawba. These surahs assert the Prophet Hood of Muhammad ﷺ warning the disbelievers about the consequences they would face if they didn’t accept the Prophet Hood of Muhammad ﷺ
  • Group 3 starts with Surah Yunus and ends with Surah Al-Nur. The main theme of these Surahs is the domination of the Prophet Muhammad’s ﷺ
  • The fourth group of surahs starts with Surah Al-Furqan. It ends at Surah Al-Ahzab and contains the arguments on the Prophet Hood of Muhammad ﷺ and that the basic requirement of being a Muslim is to have a firm and unconditional faith in his Prophet Hood.
  • The fifth group comprises of surah Saba to Surah Hujraat. The subject matter of these Surahs is the belief of a Muslim on the concept of monotheism, the oneness of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى.
  • Surah Qaf to Surah At-Tahrim makes the 6th group of the Quranic Surahs. The main subject discussed in these Surahs is the concept of life hereafter; the life after death.
  • Group number 7 starts with Surah Al-Mulk and ends with the last surah of the Quran, Surah Al-Naas. The content of these Surahs mainly is a sort of warning to the polytheist segment of the people of Mecca, especially the Quraysh clan, that if they don’t accept the Prophet Hood of Muhammad ﷺ they will face the consequences.

The Subject Matter of the 7th Group of Surahs

According to Islamic Scholars, the main subject dealt with in the 7th group of Surahs is the warning to the Quraysh tribe of Mecca about the consequences they will face if they don’t accept the Prophet Hood of Muhammad ﷺ. The theme then progresses gradually and ends at the last surah of the Quran.

They have identified 5 phases, which take one to the endpoint. Here are these five phases identified by the Islamic Scholars:

  • Phase 1 starts with Surah Al-Mulk and goes up to Surah Al-Jinn, with the main subject being “Warning”
  • Phase 2 starts with Surah Muzzammil and ends at Surah Al-Insharah. Here the Warning is further amplified.
  • Phase 3 comprises Surah At-Tin to Surah Quraysh. Here the completion of evidence has been made by communicating the decisive message of reality.
  • Phase 4 of this group of surahs starts with Surah Al-Ma’un and ends at Surah Ikhlas. It deals with migration (Hijrah) and exoneration (Bara’at)
  • Phase 5, the conclusion, starts with Surah Al-Falaq and ends with the last Surah Al-Naas.

So, the study of this grouping of Surahs and the further classification within the last group reveals the importance of Surah Al-Mulk.

What is the Message of Surah Mulk?

Surah Al-Mulk is a Makki surah revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) before he migrated to Madinah. It talks about the prominence and sovereignty of Allah. In addition, it mentions how He created the Heavens and the earth effortlessly without any error or flaw.

The Surah also highlights that Allah All-Mighty created humans to walk on earth holding His rope (symbolic for guidance), and we should thank Him for all the blessings He has granted us.

The Surah also reflects on other topics, such as:

  • Life and death
  • Worldly trials
  • The repercussions of one’s deeds in this world and the hereafter

It confirms that Allah All-Mighty is the Supreme, All-Knowing, and All-Seeing Power, and only He is the ultimate Provider who we must turn to in our hour of need.

Last but not least, Surah Mulk warns believers about the Hellfire. It cautions them to do righteous deeds and believe in the Oneness and Power of Allah. Overall, this beautiful Surah highlights Allah’s creation of life, His ultimate Power, and His warnings to those who disbelieve and go astray.

Surah Al-Mulk – Summary / Theme

As a pattern of Quranic Surahs, the earlier Surahs are mainly aimed at conveying the teachings of Islam slowly and gradually in small pieces so that the target people may be able to adapt them without any difficulty and reluctance.

The audience of these earliest verses of the Quran was, in fact, in a state of thoughtlessness; hence, it was the need of the time to slowly wake them up and invite them to the teachings of Islam and the Prophet Hood of Muhammadﷺ.

So, the main theme of Surah Al-Mulk is based on this pattern of the Quranic Verses:

  • Verses 1 – 5 deals with the supremacy of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى and the perfection with which He has created this entire Universe. The name of this Surah is also derived from the first verse of this surah, where Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى commands (Translation – Blessed is the One in Whose Hands rests all authority. And He is Most Capable of everything). Going further, Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى challenges the people to find, if they can, any fault or defect in the creation of the Universe, including this world and the sky and the heavens. It is only Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىWho was capable of doing so, and that all powers and authorities are in His control. It is further explained that the man has been sent to this world with a purpose.
  • Verses 6 to 11 warn the disbelievers of the terrible consequences they will face in life after death if they don’t believe in the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.
  • In the next four verses, Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى emphasizes that He is the Creator of this entire Universe, so He knows everything and that nothing is hidden from Him. So, believers should avoid misconduct to get full reward in the hereafter life.
  • The next 9 verses explain that the man should comprehend the signs Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى has shown in his daily life on this earth.
  • In verses 24 to 27, it is commanded by Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى that at the end, one has to appear before Him on the Day of Judgment and that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is not going to tell the exact time of its happening. Hence, everyone needs to get prepared for that.
  • The next two verses are, in fact, the answers to the questions raised by the disbelievers about the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and his followers. The disbelievers used to curse the Prophet and his companions and were calling for their destruction. These verses explain to them that they will soon know who is on the righteous way and who the misguided ones are.
  • The last verse of the surah is a self-explained question raised to the disbelievers, saying, if the water they use in the desert suddenly vanishes, who can get it back without the will and command of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى.

Surah Al-Mulk in Hadiths

Being a Muslim, it is our firm belief that the Quran contains the words of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى. Hence, every verse of it is equally important and is not without a purpose. At the same time, we have learned from various Hadiths and Sunnahs about the importance and benefits of various surahs and verses.

Accordingly, we can find a number of references in Hadith about the importance of Surah Al-Mulk. In a Hadith quoted by At-Trimidhi and Abu Dawood, as appearing in Riyad as-Salihin at serial 1016, the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ explained the importance of this Surah.

Translation – Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying, “There is a Surah in the Qur’an which contains thirty Ayat which kept interceding for a man until his sins are forgiven. This Surah is ‘Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the dominion.’ (Surat Al-Mulk 67).”

Another Hadith as appears in Jami At-Tirmidhi at serial number 2890, explains that Surah Al-Mulk protects the reciter from the punishment of the grave.

Translation – Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: “One of the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) pitched a tent on a grave without knowing that it was a grave. Suddenly he heard a person from the grave reciting Surah al-Mulk till he completed it. So he went to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said: ‘Oh Messenger of Allah, I pitched my tent on a grave without realizing that is was a grave. Then suddenly I heard a person from the grave reciting Surah al-Mulk till he completed it.’ The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘It is the defender; it is the deliverer – it delivers from the punishment of the grave.'”

In another Hadith in Jami At-Tirmidhi at serial number 2892, it is narrated that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ used to recite Surah Al-Mulk daily before going to sleep.

Translation – The Prophet (ﷺ) would not sleep until he recited Alif Lam Mim Tanzil and: Tabarak Alladhi Biyadihil-Mulk.”

That’s why this surah is considered so important by the Muslims.

How Many Ayats Are in Surah Mulk?

It contains 30 ayats, 330 words, and 1300 letters. It is in the 29th Parah (Juz) and is the 67th Surah of the Holy Quran. It is the first Surah among the set of seven surahs that eventually concludes the Quran, i.e., Surah Mulk to Surah An-Nas.

The arrangement of the surahs in this group ultimately closes the topic of warning to believers, i.e., caution about Hellfire and the Day of Judgment.

What is Surah Mulk Recited for?

The reciter of this blessed Surah will be shielded from the blackness and torment of the grave and will be remunerated on the Day of Judgment. In short, it protects the reciter in this world, in the hereafter, and in between.

Why Should You Recite Surah Mulk Before Sleeping?

Here are three reasons why you should recite Surah Mulk before sleeping:

1. Protection in Grave

After a Muslim’s death, the grave is the body’s home till the day of Judgement. The dead person will be questioned in the grave about their faith and their deeds in the world. If they fail at this test, the gloom and darkness of the treacherous pit will be their punishment.

However, a ray of light will illuminate the graves of those who pass the test and were followers of the Quran and Sunnah. The darkness and torture of the grave will be unimaginable, and reciting Surah Mulk will protect the grave dwellers from the torment and loneliness of the sepulcher.

Ibn Abbas (RA) narrates that the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said this about reciting Surah Al-Mulk:

“One of the companions of the Prophet () pitched a tent on a grave without knowing that it was a grave. Suddenly he heard a person from the grave reciting Surah Al-Mulk till he completed it. So, he went to the Prophet () and said: ‘Oh Messenger of Allah, I pitched my tent on a grave without realizing that it was a grave. Then suddenly, I heard a person from the grave reciting Surah Al-Mulk till he completed it.’ The Messenger of Allah () said: ‘It (Surah Al Mulk) is the defender, it is the deliverer – it delivers from the punishment of the grave.” (At-Tirmidhi: 2890)

2. Source of Forgiveness and Blessings

When recited at night just before sleeping, this blessed Surah helps believers gain blessings and rewards, washes away sins, and exalts status and good deeds.

It is narrated by Abu Hurairah (RA) that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

“A surah of the Qur’an containing thirty verses will intercede for its reader till he will be forgiven. That is: ‘Tabarak Alladhi Biyadihil-Mulk (Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the Sovereignty)’ (Surah 67)”. (Abu-Dawud: 1400)

This Surah was also called Ma’ani (the preventive) during the time of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) since it shields believers from Hellfire. Hazrat Jaabir ibn Abdullah Ansari (RA) narrated that:

“The beloved Holy Prophet () never slept without reciting Surah Alif Laam Meem Tanzeel (Surah Sajdah) and Surah Tabaarak (Surah Al-Mulk).” (Jami At-Tirmidhi: 2892)

3. Protection during Sleep

Whoever recites this Surah before sleeping will be protected by an angel as he sleeps since he is unable to protect himself in this state.

4. It is a Way of Following a Sunnah

As established in various Hadiths, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ consistently recited this surah before going to sleep. So, a very good reason for a Muslim to recite it daily before going to bed is to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. So, it will give plenty of rewards for its reciters. Apart from the rewards of reciting a surah of the Quran, he will get additional benefits and rewards for following the Sunnah.

5. It Grants Salvation

Hazrat Ibn Abbas رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ is believed to have advised his companions so often to recite Surah Al-Mulk daily. He also advised them to ask their family members and neighbors to recite it daily, as it is the Surah that will grant salvation and will definitely demand salvation for you from Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى. Hence, every Muslim needs to make it a habit of reciting surah Al-Mulk daily.

6. It Facilitates its Reciter to Enter the Jannah (Paradise)

The meaning of a Hadith is that if a person recites Surah Al-Mulk, it (the Surah) will ensure his entrance into the Jannah. Hence, the regular reciter of Surah Al-Mulk will benefit by increasing his chances of being granted the Jannah by Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى on the Day of Judgment.

7. Great Source of Rewards on the Day of Judgment

We believe, as Muslims, that there are huge rewards associated with the recitation of any of the words of the Quran. Surah Al-Mulk comprises 337 words in its 30 verses. So, reading it every night before sleeping will get you enormous rewards. And reading 30 verses is not a big ask, especially when you get used to it. It won’t take more than a few minutes to recite it.

8. It strengthens Imaan (Faith)

Reciting any part of the Quran is a source of strengthening one’s faith (Imaan). So is the case with reciting Surah Al-Mulk. It will give peace of heart and mind. Reciting it before going to bed brings huge mental and spiritual benefits.

The virtues and benefits of reading any part of the Quran are beyond our expectations. The same is true with the recitation of Surah Al-Mulk. It carries countless benefits, some of which have been discussed above. It is highly recommended for everyone to recite it daily, at any time, preferably before sleeping, as it is also a Sunnah. Being a relatively short surah comprising 30 verses, it is also very easy to memorize. One should try to memorize it. It will be even more beneficial and will fetch more rewards.

It is a fact that if anyone tries to memorize any Surah, Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى showers His blessings and makes it easy for him to do so.

Conclusion for Why Should Muslims Read Surah Mulk before Sleeping

Every Surah in the Holy Quran was revealed with a significant message and purpose. From these narrations, it is obvious that reciting this beautiful Surah as a dua before sleep is similar to engaging an intimate and faithful friend who will vouch for you in the grave and seek forgiveness on your behalf on the Day of Judgment.

We can attain numerous blessings and stay protected from Hellfire by simply reciting these thirty verses daily before bedtime. So be sure to spread this message to your family and friends. Stay blessed!

 

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